American rock band formed in Aberdeen, Washington (USA) in 1987. Founded by lead singer and guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic, the band went through a succession of drummers, most notably Chad Channing, before recruiting Dave Grohl in 1990. Nirvana’s success popularized alternative rock, and they were often referenced as the figurehead band of Generation X. Despite a short mainstream career spanning only three years, their music maintains a popular following and continues to influence modern rock culture.

In the late 1980s, Nirvana established itself as part of the Seattle grunge scene, releasing its first album, Bleach in 1989. After signing to the major label DGC Records in 1991, Nirvana found unexpected mainstream success with ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit’, the first single from their landmark second album Nevermind (1991). The album brought them worldwide recognition.

Following extensive tours around the world, the band did a few shows in South America in January 1993. During a live concert at the Estádio do Morumbi in São Paulo (Brazil) on 16 January 1993, they performed a live version of Kids in America, with Cobain on drums, Grohl on bass guitar and Novoselic on guitar.

After the 1992 compilation album Incesticide and the EP Hormoaning, the band released their highly anticipated third studio album, In Utero (1993). The album topped both the US and UK album charts, and was acclaimed by critics.

Nirvana disbanded following Cobain’s suicide in April 1994. Further releases have been overseen by Novoselic, Grohl, and Cobain’s widow, Courtney Love. Later in 1994, Grohl formed a new band, Foo Fighters.